Jakarta — The Ministry of Health of Indonesia has reported a new fatal human case of avian influenza (H5N1) in a man from Yogyakarta province on Java.
According to a World Health Organization (WHO) Global Alert and Response (GAR) Friday, the 37 year old male developed fever on 24 July 2012, was hospitalized on 27 July and died on 30 July.
The investigation into the case revealed found that the man had four pet caged birds in his home, which is about 50 meters from a poultry slaughter house and near a farm.
Infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus was confirmed by the National Institute of Health Research and Development (NIHRD), Ministry of Health and reported to WHO by the National IHR Focal Point according to the GAR.
In 2012, there have been 8 human cases of avian influenza, in which all were fatal.
Since 2003, the total number of human influenza A(H5N1) cases in Indonesia is 191 with 159 fatalities.
According to the WHO, the primary risk factor for human infection with the virus appears to be direct or indirect exposure to infected live or dead poultry or contaminated environments.
They go on to say there is no evidence to suggest that the H5N1 virus can be transmitted to humans through properly prepared poultry or eggs. A few human cases have been linked to consumption of dishes made of raw, contaminated poultry blood. However, slaughter, defeathering, handling carcasses of infected poultry, and preparing poultry for consumption, especially in household settings, are likely to be risk factors.